Asociación Española
de Gastroenterología
Esófago-Estómago-Duodeno

Pilar García Iglesias
Coordinador

El grupo de trabajo de Esófago-Estómago-Duodeno (EED) fue constituido en 1999 y desde entonces agrupa a los socios de AEG interesados en la fisiología y las enfermedades de los órganos mencionados, y recoge algunas otras patologías gastroenterológicas que pueden afectar a tramos más distales del tubo digestivo.


Quality in diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for the detection and surveillance of gastric cancer precursor lesions: Position paper of AEG, SEED and SEAP.
2021 16
Revista
Gastroenterol Hepatol.
Número de registro del estudio
PMID: 33609597


Quality in diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for the detection and surveillance of gastric cancer precursor lesions: Position paper of AEG, SEED and SEAP.

Fernández-Esparrach G, Marín-Gabriel JC, Díez Redondo P, Núñez H, Rodríguez de Santiago E, Rosón P, Calvet X, Cuatrecasas M, Cubiella J, Moreira L, Pardo López ML, Pérez Aisa Á, Sanz Anquela JM; en representación de la Asociación Española de Gastroenterología, la Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva y la Sociedad Española de Anatomía Patológica.

Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2021 Jun-Jul;44(6):448-464. doi: 10.1016/j.gastrohep.2021.01.002. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

PMID: 33609597



Abstract

This position paper, sponsored by the Asociación Española de Gastroenterología [Spanish Association of Gastroenterology], the Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva [Spanish Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Society] and the Sociedad Española de Anatomía Patológica [Spanish Anatomical Pathology Society], aims to establish recommendations for performing an high quality upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for the screening of gastric cancer precursor lesions (GCPL) in low-incidence populations, such as the Spanish population. To establish the quality of the evidence and the levels of recommendation, we used the methodology based on the GRADE system (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation). We obtained a consensus among experts using a Delphi method. The document evaluates different measures to improve the quality of upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in this setting and makes recommendations on how to evaluate and treat the identified lesions. We recommend that upper gastrointestinal endoscopy for surveillance of GCPL should be performed by endoscopists with adequate training, administering oral premedication and use of sedation. To improve the identification of GCPL, we recommend the use of high definition endoscopes and conventional or digital chromoendoscopy and, for biopsies, NBI should be used to target the most suspicious areas of intestinal metaplasia. Regarding the evaluation of visible lesions, the risk of submucosal invasion should be evaluated with magnifying endoscopes and endoscopic ultrasound should be reserved for those with suspected deep invasion. In lesions amenable to endoscopic resection, submucosal endoscopic dissection is considered the technique of choice.

Keywords: Calidad; Cáncer gástrico precoz; Displasia; Dysplasia; Early gastric cancer; Endoscopia alta; Gastroscopia; Gastroscopy; Intestinal metaplasia; Metaplasia intestinal; Quality; Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.